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The Seven Principles for Good Practice


Chickering & Gamson (1987) & Stephen Ehrmann

Supported by the American Association for Higher Education, the Education Commission of the States, and The Johnson Foundation, Arthur W. Chickering and Zelda F. Gamson compiled fifty years of research on good teaching practices. Chickering & Gamson's "The Seven Principles for Good Practice in Undergraduate Education" emerged as fundamental research in this area.

These seven principles can serve as guidelines for faculty, administrators, and students to improve teaching and learning.

The seven principles are:

  1. good practice encourages contact between students and faculty
  2. good practice encourages cooperation among students
  3. good practice encourages active learning
  4. good practice gives prompt feedback
  5. good practice emphasizes time on task
  6. good practice communicates high expectations
  7. good practice respects diverse talents and ways of learning

While each practice can stand alone, when all are together, their outcomes multiply. Together they utilize six compelling forces in education:

  • Activity
  • Expectations
  • Cooperation
  • Interaction
  • Diversity
  • Responsibility

Think about this when beginning to design your course.